Iceland has the most active volcano area in the world, the largest waterfall and glacier in Europe, the northern most botanical garden and golf course in the world, the cleanest capital in the world, a population with the longest life expectancy and had the first democratically elected female president in the world, Mrs. Vigdis Finnbogadottir.

And there is more…

  • Iceland is one of the Nordic countries and part of Scandinavia (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden).
  • Reykjavík is the capital city of the Republic of Iceland.
  • Hvannadalshnukur (2,119m) is the highest point in Iceland.
  • Vatnajokull glacier in Southeast Iceland is Europe’s largest glacier.
  • Hekla is Iceland's most active volcano; Hekla is also a common female name in Iceland.
  • In 1963 a new volcano appeared in the Atlantic close to Iceland. It grew to become an island now called Surtsey.
  • The English word "geyser" comes from Iceland's Great Geysir in Haukadalur.
  • The phenomenon of the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis) can be seen during mid-winter (November-December) when the weather is clear.
  • The "Althingi", the Icelandic parliament, dates back to the early tenth century.
  • The last name of Icelanders is derived from their father's first name.
  • In the telephone book everyone is listed by their first name.
  • In the last quarter of the nineteenth century twenty percent of Iceland's population emigrated to Canada and the USA.
  • In the 1960s and 70s there was a dispute between Iceland and the UK over fishing grounds, known as the "Cod Wars".
  • The population of Iceland reached 300,000 in the year 2006.
  • Soccer is Iceland’s favourite team game.
  • Icelandic, the language, belongs to the Germanic language family that includes German, Dutch and all the Nordic languages except Finnish. Its closest 'living relative' is Faroese - both are derived from Old Norse.