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Health & Fitness

What is Tourette Syndrome?

Tourette syndrome is a disorder that involves repetitive movements or unwanted sounds that can't be easily controlled. It is a condition of the nervous system and it causes people to have “tics". For instance, you might repeatedly blink your eyes, shrug your shoulders or blurt out unusual sounds or offensive words. People who have tics cannot stop their body from doing these things. Tics are often worse with excitement or anxiety and better during calm, focused activities. Certain physical experiences can trigger or worsen tics.

There are two types of Tics-  Motor and Vocal tics. Motor tics are movements of the body  like blinking, shrugging the shoulders, or jerking an arm. While the vocal tics are sounds that a person makes with his or her voice including humming, clearing the throat, or yelling out a word or phrase.

It usually starts during childhood, but the tics and other symptoms usually improve after several years and sometimes go away completely. However, many people with TS 메이저사이트 experience tics into adulthood and, in some cases, tics can become worse during adulthood. Males are about three to four times more likely than females to develop Tourette syndrome. 

The main symptom of Tourette syndrome is tics. Some are so mild they're not even noticeable. Others happen often and are obvious. Stress, excitement, or being sick or tired can make them worse. The more severe ones can be embarrassing and can affect your social life or work.

Tourette Syndrome and other Tic Disorders are not rare. The current estimates are that 1 out of every 160 children between the ages of 5-17 in the United States has TS and that 1 out of every 100 children has TS or another Tic Disorder. There is no cure for Tourette Syndrome, but thanks to years of dedicated research, there are various treatment options. Treatments can control tics, but some people don’t need any unless their symptoms really bother them. Doctors don't know exactly what causes these problems in the brain, but genes probably play a role. It's likely that there is more than one cause.