Evolution of jobs - Gains by 2030

Advances in technology are set to drive a “jobs evolution” that will mean careers and the labour market will look very different by 2030, according to a report examining work trends.

In the ‘Careers of the Future’ report, from the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES), job market analysts identified careers that will be crucial to the UK economy in 2030. Some of the job titles may sound familiar, for example care workers, farmers and police officers, but the report said that the way these roles are carried out will have changed dramatically.The report also highlights career opportunities in technology-rich roles such as mechanical engineering and software development.

The report found that new tasks, knowledge and skills requirements, and changing work patterns that are evident now will shape career paths and responsibilities for individuals.

For example, care workers, will be in great demand as the population ages, and the jobs evolution will mean they will be able to work via ‘telecare’, which uses new technologies to remotely monitor and support people in their own homes.

By 2030 ‘mechatronics’ will be a “hot area” for mechanical engineers, the researchers said. This is a design process that combines mechanical, electronic and other engineering disciplines, which are used in robotics. International agreements on the use of more energy efficient technology are also creating demand for new engineering solutions, the report said.

And many workplaces are likely to become virtual with workers using technology to connect and interact seamlessly from any location.

“One major implication of this is that individuals will need to have far more autonomy and flexibility in their working life. Being capable of managing projects and workloads is likely to become an essential skill for most workers,” the report said.

“Alongside this we can see a clear trend towards individuals needing to take greater responsibility for acquiring and updating their skills. This will be essential if people are to progress in their work and meet their career aspirations.”

Sir Charlie Mayfield, chairman of the John Lewis Partnership and UKCES, said: “Technology is changing the world of work dramatically. Many jobs are now a world away from what they once were. Even long-standing jobs – like train drivers for example – have changed radically.

“The number of pathways into work is more varied too, with vocational routes now presenting young people with options to combine work and education, developing their knowledge on the job as well as off.

“Given these shifts, it’s more important than ever that we use data wisely to ensure that those at the start of their career have accurate information about what a job entails and the skills needed to do it. This guide provides a starting point for anyone looking for more information on what careers of tomorrow may have in store.”