• Tree resin which has been fossilized is known as amber, it sometimes contains plant material or small animals that were trapped inside. 

  • Some plants are carnivores, gaining nutrients by eating various small insects and spiders. A well known example of a carnivorous plant is the Venus Flytrap.

  • Bamboo can be a fast growing plant, some types can grow almost a metre (3.28 feet) in just one day!

  • While using energy from sunlight, plants turn carbon dioxide into food in a process called photosynthesis.

  • Around 2000 different types of plants are used by humans to make food.

  • Onions might taste good but they can be painful to chop. A gas is released when you cut onions that irritates you eyes, the tears you produce while this happens are your body’s way of washing it from your eyes.

  • In the agricultural industry, to ensure crops of food grow well water is often added to soil in the form of irrigation.

  • Plant matter found at the bottom of areas with water such as swamps can eventually turn into coal due to a process called metamorphosis (changing form).

  • There are over 200,000 identified plant species and the list is growing all the time.

  • Poison ivy produces a skin irritant called urushiol. Touching poison ivy will cause an allergic reaction, usually in the form of an itchy rash on the skin.

  • Fertilizers are chemicals added to plants to help them grow. Important elements in fertilizers include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Manure (animal waste) is also used as a fertilizer.